Ask a Dog Vet and Get Answers to Your Dog Veterinary Questions
Hello, my name is***** and I have over 20 years of experience as a veterinarian. I am sorry to hear that your fellow licked and may have ingested some rat poison.
How to proceed depends upon the type he was exposed to, how much he weighs and the time period between ingestion and discovery.
I understand that it has been 2 hours since ingestion.
Most rat poisons are anticoagulants, but some calcify tissues (cholecalciferol), some are neurotoxins due to brain swelling (bromethalin), and others are phosphide rodenticides which produce phosphine gas in the stomach and can lead to bloating and liver and kidney failure and seizures.
With phosphide rodenticides the more food in the stomach the more gas is produced, thus we don't recommend food. We need to be careful with inducing vomiting in dogs that eat phosphide rat poison as the gas can be toxic for people too, so vomiting should be induced outdoors.
So I need to know these things:
Sorry, there are lots of types of D-con.
Please copy the name of the active ingredient.
Many of these toxins are stable for several years.
She's a small girl so I am more concerned.
Thanks, ***** ***** a few minutes.
Brodifacoum is long acting anticoagulant.
The minimal toxic dose is 0.02mgs of toxin per kilogram (2.2 pounds) of body weight.
If she is 7 pounds then she is 3.18kgs (7lb/2.2lb per kilogram = 3.18kgs).
A toxic amount for her is only 0.0636mgs of Brodifacoum.
That is a very small amount needed to cause bleeding problems.
Signs of toxicity with an anticoagulant take time to develop, sometimes we may not see signs for several days, although usually we see clotting changes within 24-48 hours.
You have the option to induce vomiting tonight.
And you can take her to see a veterinarian tomorrow afternoon and have a clotting profile checked.
Or you can skip inducing vomiting tonight and just have a clotting profile checked.
To induce vomiting give her 15mls or 1 tablespoon of 3% Hydrogen peroxide orally then take her out and run her around to get the peroxide bubbling.
Ideally we can get rid of the poison. If no vomiting in 10 to 15 minutes repeat the dose. You can give the peroxide directly or with a little canned food or bread chunks.
Then have her see her veterinarian to get a clotting profile checked and started on Vitamin K-1. If it has been longer than 3 hours it may be too late to induce vomiting. I would definitely have her see her veterinarian tomorrow and have a clotting profile checked if she were my pup.
Please let me know if you have any further questions.
Hello, I wanted to check in and see if you had any further questions after reading my response. If you do please feel free to respond with them. If not and you found my information helpful I would appreciate an update on your pup, thank you, ***** *****