Now based on Bear's signs, we can appreciate that his lack of appetite and inability to keep food down is a sign that he is suffering with significant nausea. In regards ***** ***** causes for both these signs, we’d have to consider bacterial infection, viral disease, pancreatitis
, dietary indiscretion, and toxin and/or foreign material ingestion.
Now since the last 2 are less likely for Bear and he can keep water down, there are some options you can try at home. If it has been a few hours since his last vomit (else we'd want to rest his stomach
for a few hours first), you can consider treating him with an antacid to settle his stomach. There are a number of antacids that are available over the counter and pet friendly. I would advise only treating with one, but the ones I tend to use are:
*Pepcid (More Info/Dose @http://www.petplace.com/article/drug-library/library/over-the-counter/famotidine
*Zantac (More Info/Dose @ http://www.petplace.com/article/drug-library/library/over-the-counter/ranitidine-hcl-zantac)
* Tagamet (More Info/Dose Here @ http://www.petplace.com/article/drug-library/library/over-the-counter/cimetidine-hcl-tagamet)
These are usually given 20 minutes before offering food (to allow absorption) and of course you want to double check with your vet if your wee one has a pre-existing condition or is on any medications you haven't mentioned.
Once that has had time to absorb, you can consider starting him on a light/easily digestible diet. If you do so, start with a small volume (a spoonful) to start. Examples would be cooked white rice with boiled chicken
, boiled white fish, or scrambled eggs
(made with water and not milk). There are also veterinary prescription diets that can be used in cases of gastroenteritis (ie Hill’s I/D or Royal Canin’s sensitivity). When you offer that spoonful, give him 30 minutes to settle. If he keeps the food down, you can give a bit more and so on. The aim of the easily digestible diet is that it will be better tolerated and absorbed by the compromised gut. Therefore, it should get more nutrients in and result in less GI upset. As long as improvement is being seen, I usually advise that the diet be continued until he is settled, and that they are then slowly weaned back to their normal diet over a week.
Since GI issues like this can quickly dehydrate a pup, we need to keep an eye
on his hydration. To check his hydration status to make sure they are not becoming dehydrated there are a few things we can test. One is whether the eyes appear sunken, if the gums are tacky instead of wet/moist, and whether he has a "skin tent" when you lift the skin. To see how to check these parameters for dehydration, you can find a wee video on this HERE (http://www.ehow.com/video_12232503_dog-dehydrated.html). If you are seeing any signs of dehydration already, since he is older, then you do want to have him seen by the vet before this becomes an additional issue for him.
If you are concerned that he is becoming dehydrated, you can try and encourage him to drink but offering fresh water or even low-sodium chicken broth. Of course, since we have such vomiting, do make sure not to try to syringe feed food or fluids since this can actually make them vomit even more.
Overall, Bear’s signs are highly suggestive of severe nausea, but the challenge is that it can mean a wide range of underlying issues. Therefore, in this case, we’d want to try resting his stomach now and starting supportive care to see if we can settle his stomach and get him back to eating for you. But if you initiate these treatments and do not see improvement over the next 12-24 hours (or he cannot even keep the above down) then it would be best follow up with his vet so that they can make sure there is nothing sinister afoot. The vet will be able to have a feel of his belly to make sure there are no hints of pancreatitis, infection, or any signs of something present that should not be. Depending on their findings, the vet will be able to cover him with antibiotics and anti-nausea/vomiting medication by injection to help settle his stomach and get him back on track as quick as possible.
I hope this information is helpful.
If you need any additional information, do not hesitate to ask!
All the best,
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