2 or 3 hours - she is acting more like herself at this time, but still a little slow. We aren't 100% sure she ate the glue but she was acting weird and "drunk" for up until the last 30 minutes or so. She has urinated, but not had a bm - she had her usual morning bm before all of this happened so I don't expect her to go. There has been no vomitting or wretching
Contributors: Linda G. Shell, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology)
Disease description: Certain glues (Gorilla Brand Premium Glue, Elmer's Probond) have diphenylmethane diisocyanate as the active ingredient. This substance foams after being exposed to moisture. If ingested in its liquid form, it can expand to many times its original volume, creating a "foam-like" foreign body, which can cause gastric or esophageal obstructions and mucosal erosions (figure 1). 3 The formation of the foreign body is thought to be within minutes of ingestion; therefore induction of emesis is usually not recommended because it could cause a foreign body to form in the esophagus which will be more difficult to remove than one in the stomach.
Sources of exposure include ingestion of the product container, recently spilled glue, and fresh glue on paper towels or other items. Licking very small amounts of the product may not result in foreign body formation/obstruction; however mild, transient gastrointestinal signs may occur. Ingestion of amounts large enough to form a foreign body (remember that the chemical expands 3-4 x when it is comes in contact with gastric fluid) often produces vomition, hematemesis, abdominal distension, pain, anorexia, and lethargy anywhere from 15 minutes to 20 hours after exposure. Such signs are likely to persist until surgery is done to remove the foreign body, which can sometimes be detected on abdominal palpation and usually observed on abdominal radiographs (see figure 2). Gastric ulceration and rupture was reported in one case when the glue was not removed from the stomach within several days of ingestion. 3
Clinical findings: Abdominal distensionAbdominal massAbdominal painANOREXIA, HYPOREXIAANXIETYCachexia, weight lossHematemesisHyperventilation, tachypneaMalaiseNauseaPAINVOMITINGZZZ INDEX ZZZ
You may click on the image to view a larger version
Treatment/Management/Prevention: SPECIFIC 1)In many cases, a gastrotomy with removal of the "cyano-bezoar" is required, because the hard foam foreign-body is non-digestible, and can obstruct gastric outflow.
2) Ingesting very small amounts of the product may not result in foreign body formation/obstruction but mild, transient gastrointestinal signs may occur and can be treated accordingly.
3) Inducing vomiting is usually not recommended since the glue may become lodged in the esophagus or could potentially be aspirated into the lungs.
4) Anecdotal reports of attempts to bulk the diet to push the glue through the gastrointestinal tract with a bulking agent have mostly been unsuccessful. In most cases, the bulking agent or the food becomes trapped in the glue formation instead of assisting in pushing the foreign body through.
Feedback: If you note any error or omission or if you know of any new information, please send your feedback to Associate@vin.com. If you have any questions about a specific case or about this disease, please post your inquiry to the appropriate message boards on VIN.