First let me assure you that a dog will not bleed to death
from a nail. This is a common problem that vets face.....yes, we sometimes even cut a dog's nail too short ourselves!
The three home remedies that work the best are as follows.
1. Use a bar of normal personal bathroom soap
. It shouldn't
be fresh out of the packet so it is slightly moist/soft. Drag the nail down the soap. This will pack a small deposit of soap directly on the bleeding capillaries. The soap acts as a cauterising agent as well as a packing over the bleed. You may need to do it 3-4 times to stop the bleeding.
2. Corn starch or flour
will sometimes do the job. Pack it on the surface.
3. Holding an ice cube
on the bleeding end for a minute constricts the vessels.
The first method is the one I personally use. Once you have used any of these methods keep her as quiet as possible. You can rebandage the foot if necessary.
On rare occasions this doesn't work and a vet may be required to chemical or heat cauterise the bleed at the clinic.
I hope I have been of assistance.
Kindest regards, Peter