Thank you for your patience; so there is a legal doctrine that is known as "Malicious Prosecution". The required elements that the plaintiff must prove are that defendant:
- intentionally and maliciously (ie with ill will) instituted and pursued, or caused to be instituted or pursued a legal action
- brought without probable cause (ie the person knew or should have known the allegations were false) and
- the case was dismissed in favor of the plaintiff.
Generally damages include economic damages (ie legal fees), damage to reputation, pain and suffering and even punitive damages if the conduct was so egregious that the court wishes to use this as an example to prevent further conduct by defendant or the public in the future.
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Information provided is for educational purposes only. Consultation with a personal attorney is always recommended so your particular facts may be considered. Thank you and take care.