Thank you for your patience. I want to state, however, upon reading this question, it is evident that you are asking under federal criminal
laws and sentencing guidelines. Your prior question that I provided general information was based upon NY state law (as I had assumed that your question was referring to state as opposed to federal laws). That being said, let me address your prior question, under federal laws, first: Under federal law, arson committed for the purposes of obtaining a financial gain from an insurance claim (assuming no injuries) is a "2nd degree" felony. The statute of limitations for all federal criminal actions is 5 years, unless it is a capital offense (punishable by death). If it is a capital offense, then there is no statute of limitations. You mentioned that you had read that the statute of limitations could also be ten years (in addition to other amounts). These "other" statute of limitations are essentially for arson committed: in the destruction of federal military equipment/buildings/vehicles, etc.; arson committed during the commission of other federal offenses (i.e., interstate kidnapping
, which is a federal crime in and of itself combined with an act of arson); and arson destroying vehicles that are used in interstate commerce (which is essentially trucks, planes, vehicles used to transport items/people across state lines, etc) if harm occurs to an individual. Since I am not overly familiar with the facts present in your question, I am under the presumption that it is a "straight-forward" arson not resulting to harm/death of an individual and not destroying any property or vehicle used in interstate commerce. As to what role arson for "profit" plays, other than what was discussed above, it allows a Court
to fine an individual either double what was paid out by the insurance company, or the maximum fine for the offense, whichever of the two are greater. I apologize for the mix up. Do you have any follow up questions based on this before moving on to the question regarding sentencing departures?