I just sent the following to your email. Please ask questions after reading this:I am writing to answer your question posted on Just Answer about bonds. Please feel free to ask followup questions after I answered.
You asked, "What is a bond and why is the bond needed for the court and the sheriff?"
When a person is arrested, he or she must go before the court to face formal charges. This is called an arraignment. At the arraignment the accused is asked by the court to plead guilty or not guilty of the charges. If the defendant plead not guilty, a new court date is set to start the process towards trial. In order to make sure the accused returns to court the judge sets bail in the form of cash or bond. Bail is a way the court makes sure the defendant will come back. If the defendant does not return to court on the next court date, they will forfeit the cash or bond given to the court by the defendant's friends or family to get this person to return to face the charges.
A bond is an insurance policy using property owned by a friend or relative of the defendant as collateral to make sure the defendant returns to court. If the accused does not come back to court, the person posting bond may forfeit this property.
The judge of Broward County conducts the bail hearing. This is the first time a defendant appears in court after arrest. It is this judge that decides what bail, if any, is set. When the judge orders that a bond must be posted, the person using their property to secure the bond has to post the bond with the court. When the court is satisfied with the bond, the defendant can be released.
The defendant is held in "Central Booking" at the Broward County Sheriff's Office. The bond has to be presented to the sheriff so that the sheriff can release the defendant.