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A (writ of) mandamus is an order from a court to an inferior government official ordering the government official to properly fulfill their official duties or correct an abuse of discretion. It can be filed without a lawyer, but I'm not sure that it's the right procedure unless you're trying to get a court to make the administrative agency follow its rules or to enforce its administrative procedures.
If you hired the attorney to file this motion to reconsider, and he failed to do so, then you would have a claim against the lawyer for legal negligence or legal malpractice.
That's not going to help you in regard to your case, but it could allow you to possibly recover damages for the lawyer's failures.
If you file without a lawyer, it will be taken as serious as if a lawyer filed it.....but you just have to be able to handle the procedures on your own (as you'd be held to the same standard as a lawyer in handling the case).