Hello and welcome! My name is XXXXX XXXXX I will try my level best to help with your situation or get you to someone who can.
Unfortunately, if you were convicted of any type of felony, under federal law you lose your gun rights forever. The only way that they could be reinstated would be if there was an actual Presidential pardon
with a full restoration of all civil rights.
This is the particular law and by definition, a felony is an offense that can carry more than a year of jailtime whether that is what is imposed or not.
18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1-9) prohibits the following from possessing, shipping, transporting, or receiving any firearm or ammunition:
(1) a person convicted of a crime punishable by imprisonment exceeding one year;
(2) a person who is a fugitive from justice;
(3) a person who is an unlawful user of or who is addicted to a controlled substance;
(4) a person who has been adjudicated as a mental defective or who has been admitted to a mental institution;
(5) an alien who is unlawfully in the United States or who has been admitted to the
United States under a nonimmigrant visa;
(6) a person who has been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable
(7) a person who, having been a citizen of the United States, renounces his citizenship;
(8) a person subject to a court order that was issued after a hearing in which the person participated, which order restrains the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or partner’s child, and which order includes a finding that the person is a credible threat to such partner or partner’s child, or by its terms prohibits the use, attempted use or threatened use of such force against such partner or partner’s child;
(9) a person who has been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence
The term “firearm” is defined in the Gun Control Act of 1968, 18 U.S.C. Section 921(a)(3), to include (A) any weapon (including a starter gun), which will, or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive; (B) the frame or receiver of any such weapon…
With that said, if your wife doesn't have any felony convictions or misdemeanor ones for domestic violence, then she wouldn't be prohibited from owning a firearm even though you couldn't. However, in order to keep you from being deemed "in possession" and being charged as a "felon in possession of a firearm" she would have to keep it in a secured area where only she has access, like a locked case, gun safe, or keep a gun lock on it where only she has the key.