On this website, I do not always get to give good news, and I am afraid that his is one of these times.
1) Police officers are allowed to execute surveillance. They do not need a warrant to watch someone in public. Because they are not observing you in the home, or wiretapping you, etc, no warrant is necessary (as the road is a public space). So a police officer can watch/observe/tail you all they want here.
2) If a police officer witnesses a criminal
act, they have the right to come unto private property for the purpose of an arrest.
3) Not being read Miranda Rights does not nullify the arrest. Now, if the officer did not read one's rights, whatever was said by you at the time of the arrest and possibly even later
may be thrown out of Court
by your defense attorney, making the prosecutor's case harder. State v. Turner, 630 NW 2d 601 - Iowa: Supreme Court 2001
(general discussion). However, the Miranda Rights reading (or absence thereof) does not void an arrest, but simply makes whatever stated by Defendant possibly inadmissible in Court for prosecution. But the arrest itself is still valid.
I am sorry.
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