I am going to assume you have not been exposed to the extradition process.
Under the law, if there is an active warrant from GA, and you are arrested in any other state, GA can request that you be “held” pending extradition.
Extradition is a formal process where you are given due process to contest the removal from the state you are in to the state requesting you.
The state arresting you must prove they have probable cause
to subject you to trial
. If they can do that, you will be removed to that state (in your case, to GA)
But for this to happen two things must happen
The police in AZ must arrest you and tell GA that they have you
GA must then agree to pay the costs associated with extradition.
There is a cost...it costs money to extradite an individual...and so typically states will not exercise this on a misdemeanor charge. But typically they will on a felony charge.
What can you do now?
If you can convince the prosecutor to drop the charge, then it will go away. It is true, the victim in the case (you had referred to them as a debtor...technically they would be the creditor...or the victim) has no authority to drop charges. They can ask the prosecutor to drop charges...but the prosecutor has the final say.
That said, it costs money to prosecute a crime...particularly for someone in a different state. SO if you can get the victim to request that charges be dropped? You stand a decent chance of having the prosecutor do just that.
The best way to proceed in a case like this is to pay the victim the money you owe. Then ask them to write a letter to the prosecutor to drop charges and to give you a copy. Then you have a lawyer contact the prosecutor and ask them to drop the charges...or, you can present yourself to the court
(and be arrested) and ask the prosecutor to drop the charges.
As a fugitive the prosector will not communicate with you directly. But they will talk to your lawyer...or of you show up they will talk to you directly. But you will need to travel to GA and turn yourself in to make this happen
BOt***** *****ne: if the goal is to lift the warrant, the best way is to pay the money owed, and get the victim to request in writing to the prosecutor to drop the charges...then you either travel to the state and turn yourself in, or have an attorney negotiate with the prosecutor on your behalf