Criminal Law Questions? Ask a Criminal Lawyer.
I was hopeful you had a witness to the first incident, it is this incident that would be most helped by having a third party present. As I understand it, this one will come down to the word of the officer versus your word. Candidly, this is always tough to overcome. As an example, I had a hearing recently where I had four witnesses provide contradictory testimony to that of the one officer. Despite this, the judge ruled in favor of the officer. If possible, you might consider bringing a witness that could testify that you are very concerned for safety and you always wear your seat belt.
As to the second incident, the witness is not terribly helpful. The problem here is that section 1229(3-a) of the New York Vehicle and Traffic laws states:
"it shall be a violation of this section if a person is seated in a seating position equipped with both a lap safety belt and a shoulder harness belt and such person is not restrained by both such lap safety belt and shoulder harness belt"
With this in mind, the citation for having your arm over the strap was legally appropriate.
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