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I'm sorry I think you misunderstood my question. Paying for a civil attorney is not an issue - assume that funds available are at the millions of dollars level. Any civil attorney in America can be afforded. The problem is that with knowledge that entering such a case will result in the abuser not being able to pay a cent, the case ends negatively in any light. What other purposes can civil litigation serve, beyond monetary compensation. Civil attorney asks: "What do you hope to gain?" It is usually money. I am just trying to understand civil prosecution and the acceptable motivation behind it.
Would it be illegal at any level to knowingly enter into civil litigation if abused parties and their attorney are privy to the fact, from the onset, that there is zero chance of recovering any funds? What other grounds could they initiate civil litigation - what, if any, could be goals which would appropriate a civil case? In this case, it is to influence an impending criminal case as charges are more likely to be brought against abuser in criminal case if civil suit finds him guilty (even though we are aware that the burden of proof is much lower in a civil suit the chance of influence is still there).
It is not illegal to file a lawsuit just because the plaintiff is indigent. The only issue in filing a lawsuit is whether you have the grounds to do so...that is, whether there is some evidence to show that the complained of activity occurred. After all, if you get a judgment against an impoverished person and they win the lottery, then you can go after their winnings even if they didn't have the money at the time you got the judgment.
It doesn't really matter what your goal is in filing a case if you have the grounds to do so. People file cases for a lot of different reasons. Some victims find validation and vindication in a judge or jury finding them credible and ruling that the defendant is liable, even if they never get anything out of it. For other people, there is collateral value in publicizing a person's actions through legal action. People have different motives...even if their primary motive is to try to get money, they may also see the collateral benefits of filing a case like the ones outlined above. It doesn't make their suit any less valid if the evidence is there.