Criminal Law Questions? Ask a Criminal Lawyer.
You're on the right track, though not completely accurate.
When seeking a warrant, the law enforcement officer writes an affidavit that describes the probable cause for the belief that there is some unlawful activity and that describes what the officer believes he will find. When the warrant is signed, it too will detail what the officers intend to look for.
The affidavit and the warrant provide the parameters of the search. For example, if they were looking for something large, like a car, they clearly could not look in your bedroom closet. Conversely, if they were looking for illegal drugs, they could search just about any area, including cabinets, drawers and the like.
While the affidavit and warrant may limit where the officers can look, it does not limit what they might find. For example, if they were looking for illegal drugs but found a gun used in a murder, they could still seize the gun and use it as evidence.
So, in your situation, if the items were all large, they would only be permitted to look in places where those items might reasonably be located. Assuming they limited the search in that fashion, they could legally take whatever unlawful items were found.
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They didn't look in places where the items on the warrant would be found. Or in places they could even logically be kept. They may have been tipped off to there being drugs as well, but wasn't included on the warrant. So can anyone just say anything about someone and that give them reason to use whatever they can to gain access to it.
If the items they found were not located in places that would reasonably fit the details of the warrant, then they would be subject to a motion to suppress, regardless of what other information law enforcement may have had. If so, then the items could not be used in court and your charges might be dismissed.
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