It is important to realize that most cases which are handled in the trial
courts do not have published legal opinions.
Published legal opinions or decisions only come from those few instances where there has been an appeal/disagreement over an issue of law.
Given that context, it is not possible to refer to you published decisions of similar cases that are of binding precedent in GA. They simply do not exist.
You see, there is a law which criminalizes domestic violence
. The legislature sets the parameters of what the possible penalties can be in the event of a plea or conviction.
The prosecutor has the burden of proof if the case goes to trial.
However, a lot of cases are "resolved" without a trial. They are resolved through the plea bargaining process. What the prosecutor of your case will do, what the judge assigned to your case will do, depends upon that individual. There are great prosecutors to deal with and there are others that are just miserable people. Same is true with judges. Same is true with defense attorneys. In the event of a conviction or plea, the judge is given great latitude in how to sentence.
At this point, the police department cannot drop the charges. They don't have that authority.
The judge can't drop the charges. S/he doesn't have that authority.
Only the prosecutor can drop the charges at this point. If that's the goal, then, at the next court date, you can express your wish to the prosecutor. The prosecutor can drop the charges or decide to go forward with the case.
Or, your husband's attorney can discuss possible plea agreements
with the prosecutor. What those options will be, I don't know. Each prosecutor is different and they bring their own philosophy to the table.
The best thing that can be done is to have the public defender review the police reports, any written statements, etc. and meet with the prosecutor to discuss any possible plea bargain.
Again, I cannot predict what your particular prosecutor will do.
It's remotely possible that the prosecutor will dismiss the charges. Unlikely but remotely possible.
What's more likely is that the prosecutor will offer your husband the opportunity of a probation-only sentence (no jail) and maybe some counseling classes. He will know more once the public defender has met with the prosecutor. But first, your husband has to give the public defender the chance to review the police reports and meet with the prosecutor to get a good lay of the land.
I hope this helps to clarify things.