Unfortunately, the fact that law enforcement releases information regarding an investigation does not defeat or affect the criminal
charge that is the subject of the statement. This is true even if the statement is defamatory.
However, it can provide a cause of action for a defendant to file a civil suit to recover monetary damages that result if the statement is defamatory. That wouldn't include statements in which law enforcement asserts that it is investigating somoene. However, if officers assert that someone actually did something and the individual did not do so, there could potentially be a basis for a defamation suit.
A successful defamation plaintiff must typically show that:
1. The defendant made a statement of fact to a third party regarding the plaintiff;
2. The statement was not true;
3. The statement harmed the plaintiff.
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