In Texas, ineffective counsel has a very high standard to prove the argument. To give you an example, ineffective counsel or counsel not permitted by the trial
court to be effective was tantamount to no counsel at all and hence a violation of Art. I, Sec. 10. Jones v. State, 159 Tex.Cr.R. 526, 265 S.W.2d 116 (1954). However, even "no counsel at all," did not result
in reversible error in the absence of a showing of harm. Fuller v. State, 117 Tex.Cr.R. 558, 37 S.W.2d 156 (Tex.Cr.App.1931).
So as you can see, it is a high standard. But in the end, Texas courts adhere to the United States Supreme Court's two-pronged Strickland test to determine whether counsel's representation was inadequate so as to violate a defendant's Sixth Amendment right to counsel. Hernandez v. State, 726 S.W.2d 53, 55 (Tex.Crim.App. 1986):
The defendant must first show that counsel's performance was deficient, i.e., that his assistance fell below an objective standard of reasonableness.
Second, assuming appellant has demonstrated deficient assistance, it is necessary to affirmatively prove prejudice.
In other words, appellant must show a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's unprofessional errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different. A reasonable probability is a probability sufficient to undermine confidence in the outcome. Hernandez v. State, 726 S.W.2d at 55.
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