Without knowing more about your case, it is somewhat difficult to evaluate some of the things you mentioned in this follow up post, but I will give you my best possible response to the additional points you have raised:
With respect to any motion to dismiss with prejudice, such a motion can only be heard by the court in which the charges are pending. Therefore, if the motion was filed in Tennesee while you were awaiting extradition, the court was correct in declining to rule on the motion, which could only be heard by the court in Virginia where the charges were pending.
A nolle prosequi motion by the DA essentially means that they are dismissing the charges without prosecuting, but as you apparently surmised, would not prevent them from refiling the charges at some future time (as long as this was done within any applicable statute of limitations). However, a nolle prosequi is still
a dismissal and if the DA was willing to do this with respect to all charges, I would have advised you to agree to such a dismissal.
If the nolle prosequi on the rape charges was contingent on your plea to the unlawful wounding charge, it may have been in your best interests to accept that plea rather than risk trial on the much more serious rape charges. Without reading all of the reports, there is no way for me to adequately evaluate whether or not your Alford
plea to the amended charge was a good idea.
If children's services determined the charges were entirely unfounded (that is, that there was no criminal
activity at all), that suggests that a plea to any offense may not have been in your best interests. Again, however, it is difficult to really evaluate that aspect of the situation without being able to review all of the reports.
If the judge really knew that all of the charges were false, he should not have accepted the Alford
plea and it may well have been judicial misconduct for him to do so. However, at the plea stage of any criminal proceeding, the judge has not yet heard any of the evidence (other than what might have been included in any declaration in support of an arrest warrant, which would as a matter of course appear to demonstrate that a crime was committed), so it is not likely that your judge actually knew that the charges against you were entirely false.
The DA has an ethical obligation not to bring or continue the prosecution of charges which he knows to be false. If you believe this occurred, then your recourse is to file a misconduct claim with the Virginia State Bar, as I suggested in my earlier response.
As for the warrant and the extradition process, neither can legally proceed in the absence of probable cause
that a crime was committed. It seems fairly certain to me, however, that someone must have executed an affidavit in support of the warrant which established probable cause to believe that the charged crimes had been committed. This would normally be done by a police officer reciting what he has been told by the alleged victim. So, if this alleged victim told the officer that she had been raped and he included that in the affidavit in support of the warrant, that would establish probable cause for issuance of the warrant. This, in turn, would allow the courts to lawfully proceed with the extradition process. The fact that the charges on which you were extradited were ultimately dismissed would not in and of itself invalidate the extradition process (and even if it did, there would be no remedy on that particular point because you were already back in Virginia).
If you were falsely arrested, you might have a civil claim on that basis. However, the fact that you entered an Alford
plea to a reduced charge arising out of the same factual circumstances makes it very unlikely that you could succeed in any civil case for false arrest
As unfair as all of this seems, there is probably not much you can do about it at this point. You can, of course, consult with a civil attorney and ask him to review the entire case with respect to any possible civil claim you might have. Because the underlying case is in Virginia, you should probably have such a consultation with a Virginia lawyer rather than one in New York.