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Jane Doe Deer
Jane Doe Deer, Lawyer
Category: Criminal Law
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Experience:  Attorney since 1986; Plain English explanations
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what is the difference between criminology and victimology

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Submitted: 8 years ago.
Category: Criminal Law
Expert:  Jane Doe Deer replied 8 years ago.

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Criminology is the social-scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. Criminological research areas include the incidence and forms of crime as well as its causes and consequences. They also include social and governmental regulations and reactions to crime. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in the behavioral sciences, drawing especially on the research of sociologists and psychologists, as well as on writings in law. An important way to analyze data is to look at quantitative methods in criminology. In 1885, Italian law professor Raffaele Garofalo coined the term "criminology" (in Italian, criminologia). The French anthropologist Paul Topinard used it for the first time in French (criminologie) around the same time.[1]

Victimology is the study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system -- that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials -- and the connections between victims and other societal groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements. [1]

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Expert:  Jane Doe Deer replied 8 years ago.

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