Criminal Law Questions? Ask a Criminal Lawyer.
Sorry...no. A person can file charges. The DA believes the person unless the story is outrageous or suspicious. If the charges are then dropped, the state is IMMUNE from suit for having brought the charges unless perhaps there was police misconduct of some kind. Plus there are many reasons why charges are dropped. You say the complainant lied. Assuming that is true, that may or may not be the reason the charges were dropped. Unfortunately our system is not set up for defendants to sue the state every time charges are dismissed or there is an acquittal.
If the statements were coerced, unfortunately that is a matter for the victim to complain about only. That said, once a person files charges, the case becomes THE PEOPLE V XXXXX XXXXX. The complainant then becomes just a witness in that prosecution and cannot just drop charges. The DA can decide the original story was the truth and can compel the complainant to testify.
DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.
The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).