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If the perpetrator asks the victim to hold the check for a few days before depositing it, and the victim agrees, the case is no longer a criminal matter. This amounts to the perpetrator saying , "This check is NOT as good as cash today. I plan to make it good, and you will be paid for your merchandise in the future." THAT is a debt, a civil case. The same applies if the perpetrator gives and the victim accepts a post-dated check. The legal significance of post-dating is that the check is not expected to be good until the date on the check. If the check bounces it is equivalent to the perpetrator not honoring an IOU.
So it becomes a matter of intent here, Was his intent to deceive you by giving you a post dated check, and at the same time telling you it's ok to cash it. Obviously you having witnesses who heard him say it's ok to cash it tomorrow might help you in persuading a prosecutor that criminal intent was intended by this individual and he/she might file charges, but again it's not 100% guarantee that the prosecutor will go for it.
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