The problem you are describing is a hard drive failure. You can run a Hard Drive diagnostic in BIOS. When the computer first boots up, you can press F10 or DEL to enter BIOS Setup. Then look for Hard Drive diagnostics. If the drive is missing, then this means that the drive has gone bad. Unfortunately, there is no way to recover this problem.
Also be sure to inspect the drive cable / connection to make sure it has not come loose.