DEFINITION: The engine runs unevenly at idle. If severe enough, the engine or vehicle may shake. The engine idle speed may vary in RPM. Either condition may be severe enough to stall the engine. The engine idles at an incorrect speed.
Fuel System Checks
Ignition System Checks
Engine Mechanical Check
The misfire monitor diagnostic is based on crankshaft rotational velocity, reference period, variations. The powertrain control module determines the crankshaft rotational velocity using the crankshaft position sensor and the camshaft position sensor. When a cylinder misfires the crankshaft actually slows down momentarily. By monitoring the crankshaft and the camshaft position sensor signals, the control module can calculate when a misfire occurs.
For a non-catalyst damaging misfire, the diagnostic will be required to report a misfire that is present within 1000-3200 engine revolutions.
For a catalyst damaging misfire, the diagnostic will respond to a misfire that is within 200 engine revolutions.
Rough roads may cause a false misfire detection. A rough road will cause torque to be applied to the drive wheels and the drive train. This torque can intermittently decrease the crankshaft rotational velocity and cause a false misfire detection.
On automatic transaxle equipped vehicles, the torque converter clutch (TCC) will be disabled whenever a misfire is detected. Disabling the TCC isolates the engine from the rest of the drive line and minimizes the effect of the drive wheel inputs (torque) on the crankshaft rotation.
When the TCC has been disabled as a result of a misfire detection, the TCC will be re-enabled after approximately 3200 engine revolutions with no misfire is detected. The TCC will remain disabled whenever a misfire is detected. This allows the misfire diagnostic to evaluate the system.
The powertrain control module (PCM) is a precision unit consisting of a one chip microprocessor, an A/D (analog-to-digital) converter, and an I/O (input/output) unit. The PCM is an essential part of the electronic control system. The PCM is responsible for such major functions as control of the fuel injectors, the idle air control (IAC) valve, the fuel pump relay, etc. The PCM performs the OBD II diagnostic tests of the emission related systems. The PCM supplies a buffered voltage, called reference voltage, to the various information sensors and switches. The PCM controls most components with an electronic switch that completes a ground circuit when turned ON. The electronic switch is commonly referred to as an output driver. The PCM is also responsible for a self-diagnosis function and a fail-safe function.
The PCM is located in the center console below the entertainment center (radio/cassette/CD player).
The powertrain control module (PCM) diagnoses any troubles which may occur in the engine control system when the ignition switch is in the ON position with the engine running. The PCM indicates a malfunction by illuminating the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) when a fault occurs in any of the following systems:
When the PCM detects a malfunction in one of the above areas, the PCM will illuminate or flash the MIL in order to notify the driver of the occurrence of a fault. The PCM will store a DTC when the PCM illuminates the MIL.
The PCM will turn OFF the MIL after 3 consecutive ignition cycles without the malfunction occurring. The DTC will remain stored in the PCM memory after the MIL is OFF.