First thing to make sure is that the glow plug system is operating properly.Diagnosing this,a class 2 scan tool is needed to view computer codes & view operating data.
The glow plug system is used to assist in providing the heat required to begin combustion during engine starting at cold ambient temperatures. The glow plugs are heated before and during cranking, as well as during the engine operation. The engine control module (ECM) controls the glow plug ON times by monitoring coolant temperatures and glow plug voltage. This system check will check the glow plugs and the glow plug feed circuit coming from the relay/controller.
If the glow plug relay or controller is stuck in the ON position, check for proper operation of the glow plugs. When the glow plugs are commanded ON by the scan tool, an internal engine control module (ECM) timer protects the glow plugs from damage by cycling them ON for 3 seconds and then OFF for 12 seconds. Most glow plug system failures are covered by DTC P0380. If no DTCs are stored, the vehicle is hard to start and white smoke is present during cranking or after the vehicle is started, the most likely cause of failure is the glow plugs.
Do all glow plugs illuminate the test lamp?
Does each circuit illuminate the test lamp?
Does the test lamp illuminate all the time for each glow plug terminal, even when the glow plugs are not commanded ON?
Does the test lamp illuminate for all terminals?
Repair the short to voltage on the glow plug supply voltage circuit.
Replace the glow plug relay/controller.