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Bob
Bob, Auto Tech
Category: Chevy
Satisfied Customers: 4087
Experience:  Plus 40 years GM, over 30 certified with Chevrolet, ASE certified Master Tech. (Expired, Retired)
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How to replace front windshield on 1979 Chevy G10 van

Customer Question

the name of any tool that would be needed to replace the windshield
Submitted: 6 years ago.
Category: Chevy
Customer: replied 6 years ago.
Relist: No answer yet.
Expert:  Bob replied 6 years ago.

Hello, below you will find some information on replacing the glass. I hope it will be of help to you. Thanks, Bob

When replacing a cracked windshield, it is important that the cause of the crack be determined and the condition corrected, before new glass is installed.

The cause of the crack may be an obstruction or a high spot somewhere around the flange of the opening; cracking may not occur until pressure from the high spot or obstruction becomes particularly high due to winds, extremes of temperature, or rough terrain.

Suggestions of what to look for are described later in this section, under Inspection.

 

REMOVAL

See Figures 1 and 2

Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 1: Applying pressure to the windscreen

 

Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 2: Removing the windscreen from the opening

 

When a windshield is broken, the glass may have already have fallen or been removed from the weatherstrip. Often, however, it is necessary to remove a cracked or otherwise imperfect windshield that is still intact. In this case, it is a good practise to crisscross the glass with strips of masking tape before removing the it; this will help hold the glass together and minimize the risk of injury.

If a crack extends to the edge of the glass, mark the point where the crack meets the weather strip. (Use a piece of chalk and mark the point on the cab, next to the weatherstrip.) Later, when examining the flange of the opening for a cause of the crack start at the point marked.

The higher the temperature of the work area, the more pliable the weather strip will be. The more pliable the weather strip, the more easily the windshield can be removed.

Before removing the glass, cover the instrument panel, and the surrounding sheet metal with protective covering and remove the wiper arms.

There are two methods of windshield removal, depending on the method of windshield replacement chosen. When using the short method of installation, it is important to cut the glass from the urethane adhesive as close to the glass as possible. This is due to the fact that the urethane adhesive will be used to provide a base for the replacement windshield.

When using the extended method of windshield replacement, all the urethane adhesive must be removed from the pinchweld flange so, the process of cutting the window from the adhesive is less critical.

Special tool J-24402-A, Glass Sealant Remover Knife, or its equivalent is required to perform this procedure. To remove the windshield:

  1. Place the protective covering around the area where the glass will be removed.

  2. Remove the windshield wiper arms, and the interior garnish moldings.

  3. Remove the exterior reveal moldings and the support support molding from the urethane adhesive by prying one end of the molding from the adhesive. Pull the free end of the molding away from the windshield or the pinchweld flange until the molding is completely free of the windshield.

  4. Using J-24402-A cut the windshield from the urethane adhesive. If the short method of glass replacement is to be used, keep the knife as close to the glass as possible in order to leave a base for the replacement glass.

  5. With the help of an assistant, remove the glass.

  6. If the original glass is to be reinstalled, place it on a protected bench or a holding or holding fixture. Remove any remaining adhesive with a razor blade or a sharp scraper. Any remaining traces of adhesive material can be removed with denatured alcohol or lacquer thinner.

When cleaning windshield glass, avoid contacting the edge of the plastic laminate material (on the edge of the glass) with volatile cleaner. Contact may cause discoloration and deterioration of the plastic laminate. Do not use a petroleum based solvent such as gasoline or kerosene. The presence of oil will prevent the adhesion of new material. INSPECTION

An inspection of the windshield opening, the weather strip, and the glass may reveal the cause of a broken windshield. This can help prevent future breakage. If there is no apparent cause of breakage, the weatherstrip should be removed from the flange of the opening and the flange inspected. Look for high weld or solder spots, hardened spot welds sealer, or any other obstruction or irregularity in the flange. Check the weatherstrip for irregularities or obstructions in it.

Check the windshield to be installed to make sure that it does not have any chipped edges. Chipped edges can be ground off, restoring a smooth edge to the glass, and minimizing concentrations of pressure that cause breakage. Remove no more than necessary, in an effort to maintain the original shape of the glass and the proper clearance between it and the flange of the opening.

 

INSTALLATION METHODS

There are two methods used for windshield replacement. The short method described previously in the removal procedure is used when the urethane adhesive can be used as a base for the new glass. This method would be used in the case of a cracked glass, if no other service needs to be done to the windshield frame, such as sheet metal or repainting work.

The extended method should be used when work must be done to the windshield frame, such as straightening or repairing sheet metal, or repainting the windshield frame. In this method, all of the urethane adhesive must be removed from the pinchweld flange.

 

INSTALLATION

To replace a urethane adhered windshield, GM adhesive service kit No.(NNN) NNN-NNNNcontains some of the materials needed, and must be used to insure the original integrity of the windshield design. Materials in this kit include:

  • One tube of adhesive material

  • One dispensing nozzle

  • Steel music wire

  • Rubber cleaner

  • Rubber Primer

  • Pinchweld primer

  • Blackout primer

  • Filler strip (for use on windshield installations for vehicles equipped with embedded windshield antenna)

  • Primer applicators

Other materials are required for windshield installation which are not included in the service kit. These include:

  • GM rubber lubricant No.(NNN) NNN-NNNN

  • Alcohol for cleaning the edge of the glass

  • Adhesive dispensing gun J-24811 or its equivalent

  • A commercial type razor knife

  • Two rubber support spacers

 

Extended Method

  1. Clean all metal surrounding the windshield opening with a clean alcohol dampened cloth. Allow the alcohol to air dry.

  2. Apply the pinchweld primer found in the service kit to the pinchweld area. Do not let any of the primer touch any of the exposed paint because damage to the finish may occur. Allow thirty minutes for the primer to dry.

  3. Follow the steps listed under the Short Method for the remainder of the procedure.

 

Short Method

See Figure 3

Click image to see an enlarged view
Fig. 3: Installing reveal moulding

 

  1. Install the support molding onto the pinchweld flange from inside the vehicle. The joint of the molding should be located at the bottom center of the moulding.

  2. Thoroughly clean the edge of the glass to which the adhesive material will be applied with a clean alcohol dampened cloth. Allow the alcohol to dry.

  3. Apply the clear glass primer in the kit to the inner edge of the windshield from the edge of the glass inward 0.04 in. (1.016mm). Apply the primer around the entire perimeter of the glass. Allow the primer to cure for thirty minutes.

  4. Apply the blackout primer to the glass in the same area as the clear primer. Allow the blackout primer to dry to the touch.

  5. Place two rubber blocks onto the base of the pinchweld flange. Place the blocks in line with the last screw on either side of the cowl grille cover.

  6. With the aid of a helper, lift the glass into the opening. Center the glass in the opening, on top of the support molding.

  7. Check the fit of the revel molding. If necessary remove the glass and cut away additional urethane to give the proper windshield height. Place the glass in the window opening.

  8. Cut the tip of the adhesive cartridge approximately 3/16 in. (4.76mm) from the end of the tip.

  9. Apply the adhesive first in and around the spacer blocks. Apply a smooth continuous bead of adhesive into the gap between the glass edge and the sheet metal. Use a flat bladed tool to paddle the material into position if necessary. Be sure that the adhesive contacts the entire edge of the glass, and extends to fill the gap between the glass and the primer sheet metal (extended method) or solidified urethane base (short method).

  10. Spray a mist of water onto the urethane. Water will assist in the curing process. Dry the area where the reveal molding will contact the body and glass.

  11. Install new reveal moldings. Remove the protective tape covering the butyl adhesive on the underside of the molding. Push the molding caps onto each end of one of the reveal moldings. Press the lip of the molding into the urethane adhesive while holding it against the edge of the windshield. Take care to seat the molding in the corners. The lip must fully contact the adhesive and the gap must be entirely covered by the crown of the molding. Slide the molding caps onto the adjacent moldings. Use tape to hold the molding in position until the adhesive cures.

  12. Install the wiper arms and the interior garnish moldings.

The vehicle should not be driven and should remain at room temperature for six hours to allow the adhesive to cure.

Bob, Auto Tech
Category: Chevy
Satisfied Customers: 4087
Experience: Plus 40 years GM, over 30 certified with Chevrolet, ASE certified Master Tech. (Expired, Retired)
Bob and 7 other Chevy Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 6 years ago.
Reply to Bob's Post: Your procedure is for windows that were applied with glue onto the pinchweld flange.
My window has a rubber gasket around the pinch weld flange.The window has its own gasket that fits into the larger Pinchweld gasket.
My primary need is info on reinstalling the new window. Any tips you can suggest will be appreciated.
Expert:  Bob replied 6 years ago.
Sorry, the book doesn't discriminate, will be happy to see if I can find another for you. But they tend to be pretty generic sometimes.
Expert:  Bob replied 6 years ago.

Hello again, I am sending you a web site that shows all of the different types of installations. The kind you have they use a heavy cord or rope to install by putting it in the edge of the gasket and then pulling the edge of the seal into place while applying pressure to the glass, similar to putting a tire on a rim. If this does not have what you need, please let me know and I will opt out of the question and maybe someone else on the site can get you a better answer. Let me know either way, thanks. Go to this site and click on the one that is related to the "gasket mounted" install.

http://www.glasslinks.com/newsinfo/icar_specs.htm
Customer: replied 6 years ago.
Bob, Thanks for the info I found on the glasslinks.com web site.
According to the info regarding replacement of the windshield with the old style of rubber gasket it is a violation of federal law to do so.
Looks like I have to junk the van if I don't install it using the method you gave me.
Since the method you described is the only way it should be done I accept your answer.
Expert:  Bob replied 6 years ago.
I appreciate the accept and am sorry that there isn't an easier way to do the job. If I can help later or you run into problems just drop me a note. Thanks

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