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Ask Dr. Michael Salkin Your Own Question
Dr. Michael Salkin
Dr. Michael Salkin, Veterinarian
Category: Cat Veterinary
Satisfied Customers: 26269
Experience:  University of California at Davis graduate veterinarian with 44 years of experience.
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My 2 yr old medium hair domestic cat has sores all over her

Customer Question

My 2 yr old medium hair domestic cat has sores all over her body. She would always get this summer months then after taking scabs off they would dry up and go away. About 6months ago she disappeared for 3-4 weeks. When she finally came home. She was bright eyed frantic. Tail skined of most fur. The sores and scabs are getting worse. All over body and tail especially covered
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Cat Veterinary
Expert:  Dr. Michael Salkin replied 1 year ago.
Aloha! You're speaking with Dr. Michael Salkin
I'm sorry to hear of this with Sissy. You appear to be describing a skin condition called miliary dermatitis - a papulocrustous (crusty bumps) eruption seen mainly secondary to allergic skin disease. In rarer cases we'll find the demodectic mange mite which can be found upon examining skin scrapings microscopically.
Whenever the area between the edge of our cat's rib cage to the tail is involved, a flea saliva allergy is most commonly found and the fact that her skin worsens during summer - when flea populations are at their highest - supports flea saliva allergy as the etiology of Sissy's miliary dermatitis. Even if you can't find any fleas, it's best that you apply an effective over the counter flea spot-on such as Advantage, a fipronil-containing product such as Frontline or one of the newer flea spot-ons available from Sissy's vet. A fipronil-containing flea spray is a reasonable choice; pyrethroid-containing flea sprays (containing pyrethrin, e.g.) aren't good choices because fleas have developed resistance to pyrethroids. In severe cases we can either inject or orally administer a prescription antihistaminic corticosteroid such as prednisolone which often works wonders in these cats. Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) aren't reliably effective against allergic skin disease but you might see how a dose of 2 mg of an over the counter chlorpheniramine once or twice daily affects her. Please note that cats can be such effective groomers as to remove all evidence of fleas. It's important to still apply the flea spot-ons.
Less commonly but still important, Sissy's skin can result from a food intolerance or atopy (allergies to environmental allergens such as pollens, molds, dust and dust mites, e.g.) Food intolerance/allergy is addressed with prescription hypoallergenic diets. These special foods contain just one novel (rabbit, duck, e.g.) animal protein or proteins that have been chemically altered (hydrolyzed) to the point that Sissy's immune system doesn't "see" anything to be allergic to. The over the counter hypoallergenic foods too often contain proteins not listed on the label - soy is a common one - and these proteins would confound our evaluation of the efficacy of the hypoallergenic diet. The prescription foods are available from Sissy's vet. There are many novel protein foods and a prototypical hydrolyzed protein food is Hill’s Prescription Diet z/d ultra (my preference). A positive response is usually seen within a few weeks if we’ve eliminated the offending food allergen. A food intolerance isn't expected to be seasonal, however.
Atopy is usually initially addressed by the same prednisolone I mentioned above and used to address a flea saliva allergy. Prednisolone can be used as a test when differentiating a flea saliva allergy or atopy from a food intolerance. Both a flea saliva allergy and atopy are usually quite responsive to prednisolone. Not so a food intolerance.
Please respond with further questions or concerns if you wish.