1959 American Motors Corporation (AMC) 2-Door Ambassador V8 By Rambler.
Engine(s) 327 cu in (5.4 L) V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 117 in (2,972 mm)
A decision was made that the larger Ambassador would be marketed as the Ambassador V-8 by Rambler in order to identify it with the Rambler name's burgeoning success, but to indicate an air of exclusivity by showing it to be a different kind of vehicle. However, the car wore "Rambler Ambassador" badges on its front fenders.
The Ambassador had an excellent power to weight ratio for its time and provided spirited performance with 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) times of just under 10 seconds and low 17-second times through a quarter-mile (402 m) dragstrip. It could be equipped with a limited slip differential, as well as power brakes, power steering, power windows, and air conditioning. Numerous safety features came standard, while lap seat belts were optional.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) produced a series of widely-used V8 engines from the mid-1950s...
GEN-1 Nash/Hudson/Rambler V-8s (1956-1966)
The AMC 327...displaced 327 cubic inches (5.4 L) due to the bore increase to 4.0 inches...and the 327 came with hydraulic valve lifters.
The EFI 327 was rated at 288 hp (215 kW), and the production 4V carbureted model at 255 hp (190 kW). All the EFI cars were reportedly converted to 4V carb before being sold; none are known to have existed outside the engineering department at AMC. The main problem was that vacuum tube and early transistor electronics just could not keep up with the demands of "on the fly" engine controls. Ironically, Bendix licensed patents based on the 1957 the design (patent dated 1960) to Bosch, who perfected it as the basis for their D-Jetronic injections system, first used in 1967.
The Nash Ambassador and Hudson Hornet "Special" models were dropped after 1956, replaced by standard wheelbase models with the 327 V8.
When the big Nash and Hudson cars were dropped after 1957, they were replaced by the 1958 "Ambassador by Rambler" — a stretched Rebel (Rambler V8) with the 327 V8.
The 327 was exclusive to the Ambassador line and could not be ordered in a Rebel or Classic through 1964.
Prior to 1960 all were high compression...all high compression models received a 4V carb...compression was...9.7:1. Piston top design changed compression, the heads were identical.
Main article: AMC V8 engine
AMC went through three generations of its V8 Block, though the most famous are its third generation blocks used in muscle cars. Generally, AMC V8s are considered "Small Block" due to exterior size and their maximum displacement. This usually refers to the later engines.
GEN-1 Nash/Hudson/Rambler V8s (1956-1966)
327 cu in (5.4 L)
I still haven't found out how many 2-doors were made in 1959 yet.