The charging system failure warning on the dash comes on if the alternator is overcharging or undercharging. Because the vehicle would not start, I would assume that the alternator output is low and is not recharging the battery. I would suggest having the alternator tested, it is probably faulty.
CHARGING SYSTEM INDICATOR The IPC illuminates the charge indicator when the following occurs:
Note: If the alternator is not charging, it will pull power from the battery until it is drained. This means that the battery may need to be replaced as well.
Please let me know if there is anything else I can do to assist you.