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NOTE: Do not turn the engine or camshaft with the camshaft drive belt removed. The pistons will contact the valves and cause internal engine damage.
To install: Camshaft timing belt sprocket TDC alignment mark — Volkswagen 1.8L (ACC) and 2.0L (ABA) engines
NOTE: When running the engine, there will be a growling noise that rises and falls with engine speed if the belt is too tight.
the only other diagram is the 2.0aeg beetle motor but here it is
NOTE: If the camshaft sprocket is not aligned with its timing mark, rotate the crankshaft 1 complete turn until the crankshaft and camshaft timing marks align.
Most likely you have bent valves the fact that you feel nothing when rotating engine is normal the fact that the cam shaft would have to be in the same position to make the valves contact the pistons as it did when the timing belt broke. Also once the valves are bent it is very hard for them to be in the position for them to hit.You can to a cyl leak down test but that requires a special tool and access to a air compressor. this pressurizes the cyl 1 at a time and will let you know where you are losing compression. It is best to remove rocker arms when doing this so you know the valves are in the closed position. The other thing is that the valve can be bent only a few thousands and bee a problem. You may be able to get a leak down tester at your local discount auto parts store alot of them have tool loan programs.