California Employment Law
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Deductions from earned wages are generally illegal in CA. However, this is not technically a deduction from your earned wages, it is just an offset of a previous advance made by virtue of the overpayment. In short, you were not "harmed" as a result of the adjustment your employer made because you simply got your money sooner than it was actually owed to you. This is a benefit to you, not a harm, and so the law does not prohibit what you describe.
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As for the overtime and sick leave time, you can file a complaint with the DLSE to get any amounts owed. Also, if you are terminated for missing time from work that should have been covered by the new sick leave law, you may have a claim for wrongful termination.
I can't really tell you why you've read that other places, but this does illustrate why relying on the internet for legal answers is generally not a good idea.
The fact is you have been paid all of your earned wages, and you actually received such compensation earlier than your employer was legally required to give it to you. So there is no damage, and there is no legal violation. There may, of course, be an issue with overtime and the lack of paid sick leave, though.
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