I'm Doug, and I'm very sorry to hear of your situation. My goal is to provide you with excellent service today.
Had this been any other kind of creditor who sought to garnish your wages, and not the State of California, the information you refer to would not have been included in the garnishment paperwork. But the state used all of the information to cross check and prove that you were the person owing the debt.
It was not illegal for the collection arm of the state to submit all of the information to your employer unless you had previously had some or all of the convictions/charges expunged. And because there was a legitimate basis for including the information with the garnishment order, you would not be able to sue the collection arm of the state for Invasion of Privacy. I would expect that all of the information on the paperwork was public information to begin with and so there is not likely any issue for you to file suit over.
It is not illegal in CA for an employer to discriminate against an applicant or an employee based on their conviction of any felony, and consequently there doesn't appear to be any mistake or wrongdoing that would allow you to recover your job, or to sue someone over the disclosure of the information. I am sorry.
I understand that you may be disappointed by the Answer you received, as it was not particularly favorable to your situation. Had I been able to provide an Answer which might have given you a successful legal outcome, it would have been my pleasure to do so.
If you have additional questions, you may of course reply back to me and I will be happy to continue to assist you further until your questions have been answered to your satisfaction.
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Thank you in advance. I wish you the best in your future,