Good morning Tom,
Well, the fact that the questionnaire comes through channels that seem legitimate---keeping in mind that fraud can occur as easily on Linkedin as it can on Facebook or Match.com-----the real issue here is that of the 5 questions that you have set out, four are patently illegal to even ask in a pre-employment situation in the US. Asking where you live is lawful.
If you want to apply for the job, then feel free to answer them. You are violating no law by doing so. Keep in mind that the company submitting the questions to you may well be entirely bogus, because few companies, and especially few recruiters, in this day and age would actually violate so many federal laws. This is because any person responding to these questions that is not hired could file a discrimination claim with the DFEH and the EEOC and very well win a discrimination lawsuit against the company.
You have little to lose by answering the questions if you want to apply. But if the employer is willing to violate these laws, don't expect them to abide by the remainder of the employment laws which are there to protect you, if and when you are hired by this company.
And if you wonder about the DFEH and the EEOC---technically you can file a complaint right now based on the discrimination patent in the questionnaire, you file such a complaint if you wish.
CA law prohibits harassment and discrimination in the workplace, as well as the hiring process, and if this is happening to you, you do have a legal remedy.
Workplace harassment/discrimination is any unwelcome or unwanted conduct that denigrates or shows hostility or an aversion toward another person on the basis of any characteristic protected by law, which includes an individual's race, color, gender, ethnic or national origin, age, religion, disability, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, or other personal characteristic protected by law. A conduct is considered unwelcome if the employee did not solicit, instigate or provoke it, and the employee regards XXXXX XXXXX as undesirable or offensive.
In CA you have two possible avenues of approach to dealing with discrimination. If your goal is to ultimately sue in Federal Court, then you will file a complaint with the EEOC, and if you want to be in the CA Superior Court---local to your county---then you will file with the DFEH and, if you want to, with the EEOC as well. You must file a formal complaint of discrimination with the EEOC within 300 days of the alleged discriminatory act, and within one year for the CA DFEH.
You may file a formal complaint with the CA Department of Fair Employment and Housing alleging discrimination based on your age, nationality, and marital status.
To do this you must first make an appointment with the Department to be interviewed, either over the phone or at a local DFEH office. You may call the DFEH at(NNN) NNN-NNNN or apply on line by using the Department’s "Online Appointment System." The system will guide you through questions to determine whether an appointment is right for you.
Alternatively, you may file a complaint with the EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission). If your company has 15 or more employees (the DFEH only requires that there be 5 or more employees), they are prohibited from discriminating against you. To file a complaint with the EEOC, contact the nearest Equal Employment Opportunity Commission field office. To be automatically connected with the nearest office, call(NNN) NNN-NNNN EEOC website: www.eeoc.gov
Federal law specifically prohibits discrimination, based upon the Ethnicity, Color, Religion, National Origin, Age, Sex and Disability of an individual, with regard to hiring, promotion and firing.
After you file the complaint, your employer will be prohibited from any retaliatory action against you. The EEOC will investigate your claim, and 180 days after the filing of the complaint you may ask for a "right to sue letter". The EEOC will issue you the letter which gives you the right to institute a private civil action against your employer and seek monetary damages.
You may reply back to me using the Continue the Conversation or Reply to Expert link and I will be happy to continue to assist you until I am able to address your concerns, to your satisfaction.
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I wish you the best in 2013,