Hello and thank you for entrusting me to answer your question. I am very sorry to hear that you have continuously been passed up for a bartending position and completely understand your concerns.
The American Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination against employees who have a “qualifying disability." The determination of what constitutes a qualifying disability is a complex issue, but in general, in order to have a “disability” you must have a mental or physical condition that “significantly impairs a major life activity.” Digestion is, of course, a major life activity, and ulcerative colitis us commonly designated as a disability pursuant to the ADA.
If an employee is passed up for a position or otherwise discriminated against on the basis of their disability, they would typically have a viable discrimination claim, which they could pursue through either the California Department of Fair Employment & Housing or the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Both agencies are tasked with investigating claims of discrimination and claimants MUST file with one of these agencies before initiating a lawsuit in civil court, if that is what they decide to do. Many claims filed with the DFEH or EEOC are resolved before those agencies even conclude their investigations with a settlement or award of some kind (both agencies have the authority to actually issue judgments).
Employers are prohibited from retaliating against employees for making claims for discrimination. So, if you believe that any adverse employment action is taken against you as a consequence of you filing a claim, that would also be actionable and would simply add to your damages.
For information on how to bring a claim through California's DFEH, visit this link: http://www.dfeh.ca.gov/Complaints.htm
For information on how to bring a claim through the EEOC, visit this link: http://www.eeoc.gov/employees/charge.cfm
This would be the first avenue of recourse for an individual in your circumstance, generally speaking.
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Finally, please bear in mind that none of the above constitutes legal advice nor is any attorney client relationship created between us.
Very best wishes to you.