California Employment Law
California Employment Law Questions Answered by Legal Experts
In response to your question, I have good news and bad news. The bad news is that he can absolutely bring up case law and common law at the hearing in support of his argument. Now for the good news. Unless the case law specifically overrides the statute, the statute is typically controlling. Then, case law is decided in this order from least persuasive, to most persuasive. Superior court, Court of Appeal, California Supreme Court, U.S. Supreme Court. Your employer has two distinct, (relatively poor) arguments. The first, is that you are an independent contractor and are thus exempt from withholding, overtime, meal and rest break rules, and a host of other restrictions and requirements. The second, is that you are an employee, but as an employee you are professionally exempt. Absent a written agreement, the second argument is somewhat ridiculous as the default assumptions of someone employed in California is that they are a non-exempt employee absent an employment agreement to the contrary. While it is the employers job to prove that you are an independent contractor, to properly win your case, you will need to prove that you were in fact an employee.Accordingly, to be best prepared, you will want to show that the employer had the "right to control the manner and means of accomplishing the result desired." This means you should try to bring as much evidence as you can to show that the employer had the right to control the work you produced. Additional factors to determine whether someone is an employee, or an independent contract are:
(a) whether the one performing services is engaged in a distinct occupation or business;
(b) the kind of occupation, with reference to whether, in the locality, the work is usually done under the direction of the principal or by a specialist without supervision;
(c) the skill required in the particular occupation;
(d) whether the principal or the worker supplies the instrumentalities, tools, and the place of work for the person doing the work; (e) the length of time for which the services are to be performed;
(f) the method of payment, whether by the time or by the job;
(g) whether or not the work is a part of the regular business of the principal; and
(h) whether or not the parties believe they are creating the relationship of employer-employee.
S.G. Borello & Sons, Inc. v. Dept. of Industrial Relations, 48 Cal.3d 341, 351
In regards XXXXX XXXXX the argument that you are an exempt employee under the professionally exempt status, all you need to do is point to the fact that there is no contract setting out your exempt employee status.
Here is a good website which sets out the differences between the different types of employees and independent contractors and how to qualify under one of the above categories:
Hopefully this fully answers your question. If you have any additional questions, or if you need additional clarification, please do not hesitate to ask. Have a wonderful start to 2013.
I have a follow up question: To keep a long story short, he is accusing me of time card fraud because I generally didn't clock out for my lunch breaks after the first few months that I worked there. The reason was that I was allowed 2 hours of prep time for each class appearance I taught, and would use some of that time during my lunch breaks. He wrote me a letter after I filed my wage complaint and said that he will sue me for fraud separately or as part of his appeal if he loses the wage complaint case. In defense, I have two signed letters from my two directors of nursing who were my bosses during my tenure with the employer saying that I was able to do that, and have signed statements from 62 students from at least a half-dozen of the classes that I taught at the school that state I tutored or reviewed material with them during my lunches. The employer never made issue of this before, and there were other employees who worked there that did the same thing. He has also threatened to contact the board of nursing (as I am a nurse) and the CA State Bar (I am a law school graduate studying for the bar exam). I truly believe I am in the right here. Do I have anything to worry about?
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