I'm Doug, and I'm very sorry to hear of your situation.
It appears as though your employer may not be following the law. While deduction from PTO is allowed for a salaried exempt employee who misses time at work during their normally scheduled hours, there are limitations.
In Conley, et. al. v. Pacific Gas & Electric
, (2005) the court ruled that while a California employer cannot deduct wages from an exempt employee's paycheck for a partial day absence, the employer may deduct time for a partial day absence from the exempt employee's accrued but unused vacation time or PTO. The holding in Conley
only applies to absences in excess of at least four hours. What this means is that California employers may require an exempt employee to use accrued PTO for partial-day absences only when those absences are in excess of four hours in duration. So, it would hold that a deduction from PTO for having missed 10 minutes is impermissible because the missed time is not at least 4 hours. Further, the deduction from PTO for proper instances is a pro rate time---not 4 hours deducted for 10 minutes missed.
For an excellent article on salaried exempt employees and permissible deductions from salary or benefits, I would refer you here: http://www.mckayfund.org/mk-sec/s-cbp/cbp_downloads/FactsheetonPaymentofExemptEmployees.pdf
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