Thank you again for clarifying and for your patience in allowing me to respond.
Rest assured, employees who are "fired" are very often still able to collect unemployment benefits. All the employee needs to demonstrate is that termination was not "for cause." In order for termination to be "for cause," an employee must typically commit some sort of "willful misconduct," such as steal from their employer, show up to work drunk, yell at customers, or something egregious that warranted termination.
The fact that you misstated your separation of employment as a "layoff" rather than a "termination" would not typically preclude you from receiving benefits, especially because it is easily explainable under the circumstances why you believed you were "laid off" and not fired, as it appears to be the case for you.
The EDD will preclude applicants from receiving benefits that are otherwise eligible only when they find that the applicant attempted a purposeful deception. honest mistakes are not generally punished. Since stating that you were "fired" would not have automatically precluded you from collecting benefits, and since the circumstances of your termination of employment made it unclear whether you were in fact fired or laid off, the EDD will probably not disqualify you on account of your misstatement.
Quite simply, these facts need to be related to the EDD. EDD "1st level appeals" are quite informal, and so you will just need to present before the administrative hearing officer and explain that this was an honest mistake, and that although you were "fired," you were not fired for "misconduct." For more information on what constitutes "misconduct," see here: http://www.edd.ca.gov/uibdg/Misconduct_-_Table_of_Contents.htm
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