California Employment Law
California Employment Law Questions Answered by Legal Experts
Hello and thank you for entrusting me to answer your question.
I am very sorry to hear about your troubles at work and hope I can help.
First, can you tell me whether the leave that you took was designated as FMLA?
i don't know what fmla is?
FMLA leave is protected leave pursuant to the Family Medical Leave Act for "serious health conditions."
You would have had to file certain paperwork for your leave to be FMLA protected.
oh yes, that is the first fedex package that was sent (to the wrong address)
Well, if an employee's leave would qualify for FMLA protection, an employer has a duty to make the option to take such leave available to the employee.
Since they sent the paperwork to the wrong address and this was by their mistake, it would seem that they did not satisfy this duty.
So, if your leave was FMLA or your employer failed to make FMLA leave available to you (which seems may be the case), your employer is prohibited from taking adverse employment action against you as a result of you taking that time off.
correct, they blamed me for not creating a papertrail by emailing my change of address.
Well, an individual in this circumstance would at least have the argument that the employer failed to satisfy their duty to make FMLA available and thus, that FMLA protections still apply even though the leave was not official designated as such.
But see, all that has happened so far in your situation is that you have been put on a performance improvement plan.
If your pay hasn't been docked, you haven't been demoted, or something else hasn't changed, this may not qualify as an adverse employment action, typically speaking.
If they eventually take adverse employment action against you and you can trace it back to this two weeks of leave, you may have a claim for violation of your FMLA rights.
they sent my last paycheck via FEDEX along with "voluntary termination" and asked me to return the check as soon as possible
But they have since given you your job back, correct?
my job is back when i get the doctor's approval
That makes sense, though, because your job would only be protected if your leave truly qualified as FMLA, and in order for them to confirm that, they need a doctors note. This would be required if you actually took FMLA, so it seems reasonable for them to request it here.
They are almost certainly aware of their FMLA obligations here, since they are a large employer and are familiar with these laws.
Likely, if you provide a doctors note that verifies your condition, your employer will not take action against you because it wouldn't want to risk you arguing that their failure to provide you with the FMLA paperwork constituted a breach of their FMLA obligations.
right, but to be on PIP and come back after they said you are fired on Friday, but have open loving arms because they want me back is weird...I've seen others get fired this way
Yes, I would agree that is weird, and if they actually terminate you after they put you on the PIP then that may be wrongful termination.
i'm just worried about retaliation which i know will happen.
Unfortunately, though, merely being placed on a PIP itself is likely not sufficient to have a case, at least not one worthy the cost of litigation to pursue, typically speaking.
I hope that this makes sense to you. I am trying to be as forthcoming about this as I can, so I hope you appreciate my candor.
Yes, I completely understand where you are coming from.
The best I can say is that so long as you can provide proof--even circumstantial proof--that any future adverse employment action was taken against you as a result of this incident, you will have a cause of action against your employer.
Okay, so do I pursue litigation with the termination documents or go back to work with the probability of being fired?
What I'm trying to say is that you wouldn't have a case--at least not one worth pursuing--until you are actually fired, demoted, given a paycut, or something else.
At this point, you have sustained no monetary damage.
If and when you are terminated (which I hope is unlikely), you may then have a case at that point in time.
Does this answer your question?
Okay, understood and I thank you...One more question though since I'm in a hole.
The folks that work under me were granted 1.5 and double time after ITT was busted for not providing this pay. There are several rules that apply to acheiving 1.5 and double time. My people received their pay accordingly, but I did not because I am supervising 2 or more people. When we challenged management, we were guaranteed a nice increase which wasn't that much. In return we were to be quiet about or walk out the door.
This is really a quite separate inquiry, which should technically be addressed in a separate question per site rules. But I will do my best to address it for you here...
It sounds like they may have been trying to fit you into a management exemption for overtime. Certain managerial employees are not eligible for overtime, but they must spend a certain amount of their time ACTUALLY managing in order to be exempt.
no problem, it is a separate issue. i just wanted to know if i should go back to work or not
If you are actually exempt, this would not be an issue. However, if you were NOT exempt, you would have the right to make a claim to the DLSE for unpaid overtime and your employer would be legally prohibited from retaliating against you for it.
I suggest you take a look at this useful guide for more information on overtime exemptions. http://www.management-advantage.com/products/overtime-exempt.html
I'm hourly salary exempt which I still don't understand
Take a look at the above, which should help explain.
I do not mean to rush out of this chat, but I do unfortunately have a meeting I must attend.
I would be very grateful for your "accept" if I have adequately addressed your concerns.
much appreciated...thank you very much for your time
If you have any more concerns about overtime, please feel free to followup and I will address those concerns later this afternoon at no additional charge.
Also, please remember that none of my answer should be construed as "legal advice," simply legal information
Very kindest regards.
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