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What county is the American company located in?
You will need to find out where they are currently located as it is best to file suit in the county where they have their main office/assets.
Answer: Since it appears that the debt is owed to your corporation, then suit would have to be filed by your corporation. Since the debt is for 15K and the small claims limit in Orlando county is 5k, you will need to file in a court with a higher jurisdictional limit. Also, since a corporation cannot represent itself and must hire a lawyer, it would be best to hire a business litigation law firm that specializes in debt collection from the county where the defendant is located.
This article may help you answer your most recent question.
Yes, unlike USA law, Canada courts do not necessarily require a showing of "minimum contacts" before exercising jurisdiction over a foreign defendants. So, yes there is the possibility of filing suit in Canada.