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The following periods represent a small sample of the statutory limitations periods in Louisiana. Please note that it may be possible to bring multiple causes of action from a single incident of wrongful conduct, and thus even if it appears that the relevant statute of limitations has run it may remain possible to bring a different claim. Also, there may be an exception to the standard limitations period that applies to any given situation. The following list is provided by way of example.
Professional Malpractice: Professional negligence actions must be filed within 1 year of the date of the act or omission giving rise to injury, or one year from the date of discovery. No medical malpractice action may be filed more than three years after the date of the act or omission giving rise to the injury.
Personal Injury: 1 year.
Fraud: 1 year.
Libel / Slander / Defamation:1 year.
Injury to Personal Property: 1 year.
Product Liability: 1 year.
Contracts: 10 years.
Sometimes it is not reasonably possible for a person to discover the cause of an injury, or even to know that an injury has occurred, until considerably after the act which causes the injury. For example, an error in the drafting of a will might not be noticed until the will is being executed, decades after it was drafted, or a financial planner's embezzlement might not be noticed for years due to the issuance of false statements of account.
When it applies, the "discovery rule" permits a suit to be filed within a certain period of time after the injury is discovered, or reasonably should have been discovered. The discovery rule does not apply to all civil injuries, and sometimes the period of time for bringing a claim post-discovery can be short, so it is important to seek legal assistance quickly in the event of the late discovery of an injury.
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