Thank you for the additional information.
I am afraid that I have bad news for you: there's no statutory right to attorneys' fees in California. (There are some exceptions -- for example, if the case arose under Business & Professions Code Section 17200, attorneys' fees are available by statute.) This is actually commonly referred to as the "American Rule", where each party bears their own fees. Sometimes, if there is a contractual relationship between the parties, there is a right to attorneys' fees that is drafted into the contract. That would mean, for example, if you were sued for breach of contract and won, you could get attorneys' fees.
Your attorney could make a Motion for Attorneys' fees, but unless a contract was involved or a particular statute that allows the recovery of attorneys' fees, the Court would find you won't be able to recover them. You would be able to recover costs - for example, filing fees, court reporter fees for depositions, copy costs, jury fees, and court reporter's trial fees. Those costs wouldn't include your attorneys' fees for the time he spent, however.
To answer the second part of your question, you could terminate his services and represent yourself. You would need to file a substitution of attorney, which both you and your attorney would sign. Your retainer agreement should outline your attorney's particular procedures for terminating your relationship.
I'm sorry I don't have better news for you.