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Dr. B.
Dr. B., Bird Veterinarian
Category: Bird Veterinary
Satisfied Customers: 16234
Experience:  As a veterinary surgeon, I have spent a lot of time with bird cases and I'm happy to help you.
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My african grey has stopped talking and is breathing heavy

Customer Question

my african grey has stopped talking and is breathing heavy please help
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Bird Veterinary
Customer: replied 1 year ago.
also I bought her a new cage yesterday?
Expert:  Dr. B. replied 1 year ago.
Hello & welcome, I am Dr. B, a licensed veterinarian and I would like to help you with your wee one today. I do apologize that your question was not answered before. Different experts come online at various times; I just came online, read about your wee one’s situation, and wanted to help.
I must say I am quite concerned about your lass, especially if she is showing signs of breathing issues. This laboured breathing suggests that she may not be able to exchange oxygen as well as she normally has been able to do. So, as her breathing is abnormal, it is prudent to have her seen as soon as possible. Because if she is struggling to breath, then this is a *red flag of urgency* and she may need her vet to put her on oxygen to stabilize while addressing what is causing her respiratory disease.
The problem I am sure you will appreciate with birds to that they do a very good job of covering up when they are sick. This is because as a prey species, attention to your illness will make you a target for predation. So, if we are even seeing her like this then we need to pay attention and address this aggressively before it can become an even more serious issue. Too often we are the last to know when our birds are sick. And too often we only see signs of struggling when their condition is just too advanced for them to hide any longer. Therefore, bird instinct puts us human owners at a disadvantage for catching things early, and makes addressing the signs we are seeing now even more important. And while the cage may not be related (it does depend on what its made of, what its been in contact with), it is possible that the stress of a new cage has pushed her over the edge such that this respiratory issue has reached a critical point.
Now I am sure you can appreciate just like people, birds can show respiratory signs like this for a variety reasons. Specifically, a respiratory infection in this species can be caused by bacteria, fungus, parasitic, nutritional, and viral agents.
You will not be able to rule out most of these at home (a good physical examination +/- fecal or blood testing are the best measures to do so), but I do just briefly want to mention one differentials that does require you to assess your management of your lass. Specifically, we can see respiratory disease secondarily to nutritional issues. Birds are prone to vitamin A deficiency when they diet is unbalanced or if they are selectively grazing and filling up in the wrong foods (ie. sunflower seeds). If she is on an imbalanced or all seed/millet diet, then you might consider supplementing her diet with vitamin A or try to tempt her to eat some veggies or fruit. You can try leafy dark greens and vegetables (i.e. kale, squash, celery, carrots, corn), as well as fruits (i.e., bananas, grapes, apples, grapes, pears, etc). They can also have seeding grass, and dandelion (flowers, roots and leaves). The reason Vitamin A is so important is because birds with vitamin A deficiency issues can show respiratory signs and can often have sneezing, wheezing, nasal discharge, crusted or plugged nostrils, lethargy, depression, diarrhea, tail-bobbing, respiratory distress, thinness, poor feather color, swollen eyes, ocular discharge, anorexia, gagging, halitosis and a "slimy mouth". Therefore, while we need to rule out infectious agents as the root of the signs you are seeing, we must also consider a nutritional differential and/or component to your bird’s illness.
So, diet is something to keep in mind. But further to this, and critically important if she has started to have labored breathing is to get her vet involved to rule out those other differentials and initiate appropriate treatment urgently. You want your vet to examine your bird, have a listen of her chest and determine if there is a respiratory infection (and if so, to what extent). Depending on the vet’s exam findings, they will be able to advise you on which causative agent might be present, and guide you on diagnostics and treatment steps to get her well.
Overall, her heavy breathing is a serious concern here that we don't want to leave to linger. If she is struggling to breathe, then we do have to consider having her seen by her vet as soon as possible to get her help and address this respiratory disease. This will give you the best chance of helping address this and getting her back to breathing comfortably.
While you are sorting out veterinary care for her , if she looks chilled and fluffed up, then do make sure you are keeping her warm. You can cover three sides of the cage to keep heat in or consider moving her to a little hospital cage (one level with a soft substrate floor). You can use a heat lamp, or a heating pad under half her pen (do not put it in the cage) but do monitor closely. Alternatively, you can make a safe warmer for the bird from a clean sock filled 2/3rd full with uncooked white rice. Tie it closed and microwave (approx 1-1.5 min). Make sure to shake it before adding it to the cage, to allow the heat to distribute. Make sure its not too hot (as we don’t want to burn the bird. If it cools, you can re-warm as required). Whichever technique you use, do monitor the temperature closely, since we don’t want to overheat her (and we cannot be confident she would move her self if she grew too warm).
If you don't have a vet for her, you can check where you can find one at near you at:
AAV (http://www.aav.org/search/),
Avian web (http://www.beautyofbirds.com/recommendedvets.htm),
Lafeber database (http://lafeber.com/pet-birds/find-an-avian-vet/) or Birdsnway (http://www.birdsnways.com/birds/vets.htm).
Please take care,
Dr. B.

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