Thank you for your question. Sorry to hear about the setbacks since your 2010 Chapter 7 filing.
Your question hints that you are aware that there is no years-long time limit between filing a Chapter 7 and a Chapter 13 case (nor, for that matter, for filing successive Chapter 13 cases at least if more than six months apart and the earlier one is dismissed).
A Chapter 13 case also requires some income to provide money for the "Plan"--a maximum 5-year period of payments of all "disposable income" above some set budget of allowable expenses. Those Plan Payments go to a Chapter 13 Trustee
who distributes the funds pro-rata among the creditors. At the end of the Plan, IF there are any debts remaining unpaid, most other than child/spousal support, drunk/drugged driving damages debts, and a few other things, they get discharged.
But if the Plan results in 100% payoff of all debts plus the Ch 13 Trustee's commissions, the "re-organization" under Chapter 13 is just that, and won't result in any debts being paid for less than their full value.
And if there is not enough income for the creditors to get more under the Chapter 13 Plan than they would if the Debtor filed for Chapter 7 and liquidated any non-exempt assets, then it cannot be approved under the BK Code
. Those proposed Plans are legally not "feasible".
So, yes, one can file Chapter 13 for new, post-Chapter 7 debts at just about any time. But we cannot predict what effect that would have on the debts without knowing the income level available for Plan payments (which requires running some numbers), the debts to be re-organized (and the most reliable way to do that is to run the numbers through some BK paperwork preparation software), and all the assets that would become property of the Bankruptcy Estate.
But to sort that out at that level requires personal legal representation, which we do not do here, per the Terms of Service.