Bankruptcy Law Questions? Ask a Bankruptcy Lawyer Now.
The actual wording of the relevant Bankruptcy Code section is "willful and malicious injury". Bankruptcy Stat. 523(a)(6). If you can have the damage determined to be "willful and malicious" in state court, you will be able to have the debt deemed non-dischargeable in Bankruptcy court.
It is not necessary, nor possible, to have an action deemed "criminal" while in civil court. (This would have to be done in criminal court.)