Hello I am a licensed attorney here to help you with your question, please review my response and do not hesitate to ask for clarification.
In CA $75,000 is your homestead exemption, so any equity above this amount can be attached or taken away in a chapter 7 filing. You can keep your vehcile is their is limited equity in the car or if it is leased . The same can be state for the other vehicle, you could reaffirm the car if the car is leased or financed, if it is owned outright than you risk losing it, without a specific court order from the divorce court stating the vehicle is the property of the ex spouse.
Can I file without him?
Can my creditors go after him even though I will be discharged?
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